World’s Largest Hot Spring – Frying Pan Lake in Rotorua, New Zealand
Frying Pan Lake, located in Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley, occupies 4,00,000 square feet of a volcanic crater called Echo that is filled with magma below. This is why it always looks like a boiling cauldron or as the name suggests, a frying pan. The water in the lake looks like it is boiling but the average temperature is 55°C and the water is too acidic to be consumed.
World’s Largest Mangrove Forest – Sundarbans In Bangladesh And India
The Sundarbans mangrove forest covers 10,000 square kilometers, 60% of which is in Bangladesh. It is in the Bay of Bengal formed by the merging of several rivers like Ganges, Padma, Hooghly, Brahmaputra, and Meghna in the southern part of Bangladesh and the East of India. A variety of endangered species are protected here like the royal Bengal tiger and single-horned rhinoceros.
World’s Most Active Volcanic Mass – Mount Kilauea in Hawaii, United States
Mount Kilauea, is located in the south part of Hawaii, is more than 2,00,000 years old although it came up above sea level about 1,00,000 years ago. It has been erupting continuously since 1983 which is why it is the most active volcano. When it erupted in 2018, it threw ash 30,000 feet in the air, sent rivers of molten lava that converged with the ocean in 3 places, and set off a strong earthquake of 6.9 seismic magnitude scale. The eruptions that began in 1983 were said to have ended in 2018 with the last explosion.
World’s Largest Volcanic Island – Iceland
The whole of Iceland is an island formed completely by volcanic eruptions from the mid-Atlantic Ridge. It is said that it is essentially the ocean floor that is above the floor of the ocean. It is one of the least polluted countries in the world because it is also the least populated country in Europe with almost 80% of its land uninhabited.
World’s Tallest Mountain – Mauna Kea in Hawaii
Although Mount Everest is the mountain with the highest altitude, Mauna Kea is found to be the tallest mountain as it is 33,480 feet from the ocean floor. This mountain is only 13,796 feet in height from the ocean floor while Mount Everest is 29,035 feet. The view from the mountain that translates to the ‘White Mountain’ is still unbeatable.
World’s Largest Tree – The General Sherman Tree in Sequoia National Park, California
General Sherman is the largest known living single-stem tree at 275 feet with a diameter of 25 feet. Historically, Crannell Creek Giant was a coast redwood tree, also located in California, that was quite larger than The General Sherman in volume. But since it was cut down in the middle of 1940s, the General Sherman is currently the largest tree in the world.
World’s Largest Cave – Hang Son Doong Cave in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, Vietnam
This cave is 3 miles long and its name translates to ‘Mountain River’ Cave. The height of the cave is 650 feet which enables it to have its own weather system, clouds, jungles, and rivers. It has been open for public since 2013 and the view of this cave appears almost magical. It has been left completely untouched by humanity for what seems to be 400 to 450 million years and everything found in the cave is completely independent of the outside world.